Italy Travel Guide – Visa, History, Weather, Saving Money and more…

Italy Travel Guide – Visa, History, Weather, Saving Money and more…

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Italy travel guide

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Italy Population, Borders, Regions

Italy is a country of south-central Europe that has borders with Croatia, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and France. Italy has a population around 60.55 million people (2019) and 4.234 million of this population is the Rome population. Also, this population is really cosmopolitan and as well as Italians, there is lots of people living from different origins and these people living in a 301.230 square kilometers peninsula which is extended to the Mediterranean Sea and encompassed on three sides with the sea.

Also Italy has 20 administrative regions which are called; Abruzzi, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Emilia-Remagna, Friuli-Venezia, Giulia, Lazio, Liguria, Lombardia, Marche, Molise, Piemonte, Puglia, Sardegna (Island), Sicilia (Island), Toscana, Trentino-Alto Adige, Umbria, Valle d’Aosta, Veneto.

Map of Italy – Where Is Italy Located?

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Most Popular Cities and Places of Italy

Almost all of the cities of Italy is really popular around the world and all of them have their own history and culture. Most popular cities of Italy; Florence, Rome, Venice, Milan, Pisa, Sicily, Naples, Verona, Portofino, Sorrento, Sardinia, San Remo, Amalfi, Capri, Livorno, Matera, Positano, Salerno, Siena, Tuscany.

Italian Language – Spoken Languages in Italy

The Most spoken language in Italy is Italian. It is based on the Indo-European language family and it comes from the Tuscan dialect of the Italo-Dalmatian subgroup.

Italy has over 60 million cosmopolitan population so that Italian language is multicultural too so that Italian is not accepted as an official language. Almost 1 million people speaking Sardinian which is very popular in Sardinia Island. Other most spoken languages are French, German, Greek, Slovene and Croatian.

Most common Italian words;

  • Ciao = Hello
  • Come stai? = How are you?
  • = Yes
  • No = No
  • Buongiorno = Good morning
  • Arrivederci = Good-bye
  • Grazie = Thank you
  • Amore = Love

Italian Money – Italy Currency

Italy uses Euro as its currency and they have €5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 notes which are colored different. Smaller notes such as 5, 10, 20 and 50 are using frequently and other ones (100, 200 and 500) are really rare in daily life.

Coins are consist of two parts; cents and euros. Cents are start from 1 to 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50. Also they have 1 and 2 euro as coins.

If you want to exchange your currency to Euro, you can use ATM’s, debit and credit cards but you can withdraw €250 per day.


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History of Italy – Italian History

The Roman Empire (5th Century BC – 5th Century AD)

Legends said that Romulus founded Rome in 735BC. Over the next few decades, Rome extended its lands and then they named this land “Italia“. After the death of Emperor Augustus, Italia was split into different empires and reunited in 1861.

The Middle Ages (6th – 14th Century)

In 493, Italy conquered by the Ostrogoths (a Germanic tribe). After that in 568, The Lombards (another Germanic tribe) built a kingdom in northern side of Italy and three areas in the south. Therefore, the popes began building an independent state. In 756, the Franks (French) defeated the Lombards and the Papal States were established.

The Renaissance (14th – 16th Century)

The Papacy unexpectedly transferred to Avignon (France) and brought back to Italy in 1478. Naples, Sicily and Sardinia were ruled by foreign troops. In the 14th century, The Italian Renaissance started to spread from Tuscany to Florence and Siena. After the Renaissance, legends of arts started to rise up such as Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarotti, Sandro Botticelli, Dante Alighieri, Francesco Petrarch and more. Improvements in art, literature, philosophy, politics, science and religion affected Tuscan culture and the Tuscan dialect became the official Italian language.

Regression Period (1559 – 1814)

In 1494, France attacked northern Italy and lots of cities are collapsed and after that in 1527 Spain and Germany attacked Rome. Additionally, Piedmont Savoy, Corsica-Genoa and Venice rebuilt their independence in 1559. Between 1559 and 1713; Milan, Naples, Sicily, Sardinia and Tuscany ruled by Spain. After that, Italy unified by Napoleon as the French Republic’s ally country until 1814.

Reunion Period (1814 – 1861)

The Risorgimento is a movement that helped Italy’s reunion period and it started after the domination of Italy by Austria. Giuseppe Garibaldi and Giuseppe Mazzini led that movement and they had lots of insurrections. After the death of Mazzini and some unsuccessful insurrections, Garibaldi escaped from Italy in 1834 and returned in 1854 to continue the insurrections. Finally, Italy consolidated in 1861.

The Italian Flag

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The Italian Flag

Some Italian regions accepted a green, white, and red colored flag that was an inspiration from the French flag. This flag officially accepted by the Cisalpine Republic (A republic in Northern Italy between 1797 – 1802) in 1798.

Until 1946, although the colors are the same, the shape of the Italian flag has changed to rhombus and they added an eagle, Savoia’s coat of arms and crown. In 1946, Italy officially became a republic and accepted a square flag that only colored green, white and red.


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Italy Visa Requirements

Who don’t need a visa to enter Italy?

If you are a citizen of the USA and planning to stay under 90 days in Italy, you only need a valid passport (at least 6 months) after your departure date.

Also Australian citizens who planning to stay under 90 days in Italy or other EU countries don’t need a visa. A passport which is valid at least 6 months after your return date will be enough.

Additionally, New Zealand citizens don’t need a visa to enter Italy and they can stay up to 3 months in Italy. Nevertheless, they need at least 3 months valid passport (after departure date) and return ticket. In addition to Italy, New Zealand citizens can visit other Schengen Area countries.

Citizens of Swiss, European Economic Area, and European Union don’t need a visa to enter Italy.

Germany, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, United Kingdom, Czech Republic, Romania and Sweden, Island, Liechtenstein and Norway. 

Also citizens of these countries don’t need a visa.
Albania, Andorra, Antigua and Bermuda, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, East Timor, Grenada, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Japan, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldava, Monaco, Montenegro, Nauru, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Salvador, Samoa, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Serbia, Seychelles, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, United Arab Emirates, United States of America, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Vatican and Venezuela.

Who need a visa to enter Italy?

If your country where you citizens of it was not mentioned, you need a Schengen Visa to enter Italy or other EU countries. You should visit official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Italy for more details.


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The Weather of Italy – Italy Weather Forecast – Climate in Italy

Northern Italy

Mountains of Northern Italy are very famous and you can see lots of mountains in Northern Italy such as the Alps, Monte Rosa, the Gran Paradiso and Mont Blanc which is the highest mountain in Italy (4.810 meters). Basically there is 2 different climates in Northern Italy. The first one is the Alpine climate and during winter the temperature can down to -30°C (-22°F) which causes snowfalls. However, the summers will be warm. The second one is the continental climate which is cold during winter and hot during summer.

Eastside of Italy

Eastside has a Mediterranean climate that is drier and hotter than the west side. You can see Bora Winds during winter and spring which is making the temperature colder. Also, rains are rare but it might fall any time of year. Additionally, temperatures can go down to 2°C (35°F) during winter and go up to 29°C (84°F) in summers.

Westside of Italy

Mediterranean climate can be seen on the westside too but winters are warmer than the eastside and rains are more common on the westside. Temperatures can go down to 5°C (41°F) in winter and go up to 28°C (82°F) during summer.

Central Italy

The Apennine Mountains located in central Italy and it causes temperature and climate differences between the east and west side. Temperatures are changing between 2°C (35°F) (winter) and 31°C (88°F) (summer). Also during autumn and winter rains are getting more frequent.

South Side

Except winter and autumn, rains are really rare and sunshine hours are between 5 and 11 hours during winter and summer. Winters are close to warm and snowfalls can be seen. During winter and autumn, stormy weathers are really common. However, summers will be dry and temperatures can go up to 35°C (95°F) during summer.

Rome Weather Forecast


Florence Weather Forecast


Venice Weather Forecast


Milan Weather Forecast



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Best Time to Visit Italy

The best time to visit Italy is from April to October. In this time interval, the weather will be warm enough. Also in April and October Italy won’t be crowded so that prices will be cheaper than other months. Additionally, you can prefer to visit another country in August because it is the hottest time in Italy and it will be really crowded.

If you like winter sports or cold weather, you can visit northern Italy in winter. Especially the Alps, Monte Rosa, the Gran Paradiso and Mont Blanc.


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How to Get to Italy – Travel Around Italy

Flights to Italy

Italy is a very popular place to visit so that there is lots of option to get into or travel around. If you want to visit Italy from a far distance, flights will be the best option for you. Almost all airlines have flights to Italy so that you can find lots of flights.

Trains in Italy

Europe has one of the longest railways and the best train systems of the world so that the train is one of the common ways of traveling around Europe and Italy.

Trains are operating by Trenitalia and they have 2 different classes which are named first class and second class. In first-class, every car has fewer seats and they offer you extra space for your luggage. Also when you buy a first-class ticket, they are serving a meal. Second class trains are cheaper but you have to book a seat for faster trains. For slower trains, you don’t have to book a ticket. You can buy your tickets and stamp it with the machines which are placed on the platform. If you try to travel without ticket or failed while stamping your ticket, you can be fined €50. Also if you don’t want to wait in queues at train stations, you should buy your tickets on the Trenitalia website.


As well as trains, you can prefer buses to get to Italy or traveling around. It might be uncomfortable but buses have lots of spots to stop on the highway so you can make new friends in that small breaks and buy something special to Italy. For more information about buses, you can visit the website of Eurolines.

Ferries to Italy

If you living in a country that has a connection with the Mediterranean Sea, you can easily find ferries to reach Italy on the website of Traghetti.

Renting a Car

There is lots of agency to rent a car in airports or online and prices are acceptable. For people who are not citizens of Italy, they need an International Driving Permit (IDP) to rent a car. After renting a car, you can drop that car to drop-off places of agencies but you should be careful while driving in Italy because there are lots of CCTV systems around. If you want to check the weather on roads, road works and Italy traffic rules, you should check the website of the largest highway operator.


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Accommodation in Italy – Where to Stay in Italy

Hotels in Italy (Albergo in Italian)

There is a star system for hotels in Italy, but it does not correspond to the star ratings you can learn elsewhere. In Italy, the facilities offered by a hotel can vary considerably, just like everywhere else. Some rooms include swimming pools, gyms, free breakfast and an on-site bar; others may not even have an elevator. The hotel depends on the age and star class of the building. Especially, the hotels in Rome are very popular. If you need to enjoy your stays, such as air conditioning and an elevator, please read the hotel description.

Hostels in Italy (Ostello in Italian)

The hostels, dating back decades, were certainly dorm-style bunk beds and only for young individuals. Most hostels around the world (including Italy) have raised the age limit and most have not only tiny rooms, but personal rooms with en-suite toilets. Of course, these personal rooms in the hostels are more expensive than a 10-person dormitory bed, but are generally slightly cheaper than a hotel room. If prices are inexpensive or dorm-style rooms, it is likely a hostel.


Agriturismo is usually a breakfast farm, but you don’t have to work on a farm during your stay. This experience may differ slightly depending on what is accessible on the farm but may involve outdoor activities or cooking courses. Your stay usually involves at least one meal a day and sometimes more than one meal. Access to cars can be hard (or impossible) because these locations are not in towns by default.

Rent Villa or Apartment

An apartment or villa can be a very comfortable choice if you travel with a large group. There are several bedrooms, a kitchen and a further living room for the same cost. Families with kids also benefit from a rental. You have more space to walk through and prepare your own food; you also have an excellent experience in visiting food markets.


1) Legendary of Art and Architecture

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Mona Lisa by Leonardo Da Vinci

In this country, legendary figures such as Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello, Michelangelo, Raphael and Bernini were born. These famous artists, painters, sculptors, architects and thousands of art enthusiasts from around the world were impressed by their work. The best examples of Italian architecture include the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, San Marco and the Pantheon. The extraordinary carvings of Italian painters include the statues of David, Apollo and Daphne, Pieta, Persephone’s Rape and the Virgin Mary. The best paintings in the world are portraits like Da Vinci’s Last Supper and Mona Lisa, as well as the Birth of the Bottles of Venus.

2) Italian Food – Italian Cuisine

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Italian Food – Italian Cuisine

Italy is known worldwide for its pizza and pasta dishes. These are just the initials of delicious Italian cuisine. Italian cuisine is displayed in a variety of delicious, cheesy and delicious luscious series. Italian dishes include Lasagna, Pasta, Pizza Margherita, Ham, Gelato and Tiramisu.

3) Leaning Tower of Pisa – Pisa Tower

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Leaning Tower of Pisa – Pisa Tower

The bell tower in Italy, known for the unwanted curve of Pisa Cathedral, is the Leaning Tower of Pisa or Torre Pendente di Pisa. Built-in 1372, it stands at a height of 183.3 ft. Due to the lack of ground and soft ground, it began to bend during construction. The tower consists of 295 steps and 8 floors. This epic failure, Italy’s civil pride, welcomes nearly one million tourists every year.

4) The Godfather

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The Godfather

Italy is a wonderful country, but it has its own inefficient governance problems. The nation has suffered justice, bribery, crime and political instability for years. The only reason for this is the well-known mafia in Italy. Some are the Mafia of Sicily, Calabria and Puglia. World culture was influenced by the fools and sponsors of the nation. Godfather Mario from Mario Puzo is inspired by him.

5) Pantheon (Rome, Italy)

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Pantheon in Rome, Italy

“Pantheon” comes from the Greek term “Pantheion” which meaning honor for all gods. It was a temple to honor the gods of the Pagans but a church now. It was constructed by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus. In front of the building, there is an inscription: “Lucius’ son Marcus Agrippa built it for the third time as a consul.” Additionally, six million individuals visiting the Pantheon annually.

6) Trevi Fountain (Rome, Italy)

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Trevi Fountain Rome, Italy

The Trevi Fountain or Fontana di Trevi is a foundation in Rome, Italy. It was built by Nicola Salvi in 1762. It’s one of the world’s most popular fountains. After the song “Three Coins in the Fountain” that won Academy Awards, throwing cash to the fountain became a tradition. The cash gathered in this manner will be used for charitable purposes by the town officials. Every year, approximately 15 million tourists come to the fountain, admire the fountain’s beauty and satisfy their desires.

7) Amalfi Coast

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Amalfi Coast Italy

In the southern part of Naples, the Amalfi Coast (or La Costiera Amalfitana) is a wonderful feature of the hilly landscape. Amalfi is one of the most popular and expensive areas of Italy and is considered a hiking paradise. The entire region is crossed by old stone crossroads. On foot along the Amalfi coast you will find beautiful landscapes, interesting rocks, hills and centuries-old plants. The Way of the Gods (Sentiero Degli Dei Olu) is one of the most beautiful roads on the Amalfi Coast. It extends for 550 meters from Bomerano to Nocell.

8) Lake como

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Lake Como Italy

Lake Como is a glacial lake located in Lombardy, Italy. Lake Como is an ice lake. One of Europe’s deepest lakes. It is famous for its fresh air, water, hills and fauna. Villas on the hills of Lake Como are renowned for many individuals, including Sylvester Stallone, Madonna and George Clooney. Tourists, walkers, cyclists and swimmers from around the earth come and relax in luxury villas in the view of the blue waters.

Besides these beauties Italy famous for; Lake Garda, Italian cars (Italian car manufacturers), Italian language, Milan fashion week, Italy beaches (Especially Sardinia beaches), the Colosseum (the Coliseum), Venice Grand Canal, Mount Vesuvius, Blue Grotto.


Suggested Daily Budget for Italy Travel (For Per Person)

  • Low Budget: €35 – €40
  • Mid-Level Budget: min. €100
  • Luxury: min. €250


  • Hotels: €19
  • Hostels: €9
  • Agriturismo: €32
  • Villas: €30
  • Apartmens: €14


  • Starts from €3 to €80+ (Per Meal)


  • €10 to €300 (Per Activity)


  • Trains: €10 to €50 (depends on distance)
  • Buses: €2 (single route)
  • Taxi: Starts from €10
  • Car Rental: Starts from €15
  • Bicycle Rental: €4 (for 1 hour)


  • Be careful in restaurants: In some restaurants, when you sit they will serve you some foos like salads, bread etc. and usually they are not free. Before eat them, don’t forget to ask whether they are free.

  • Stay on campsites: Italy has lots of places for camping and they will be cheaper than hotels or hostels. Additionally, you can make new friends to visit Italy together and you can rent hotels or villas as a group (they might be cheaper and comfortable). Also you can use couchsurfing to roost and make new friends.

  • Refill your bottles from a tap: During summer, Italy will be sweltering hot. If you already drunken your a bottle of water, you should refill it from a tap rather than buy a new one.

  • Don’t prefer clubs to drink: If you want to drink some traditional Italian Wines, you can find them on markets and then drink on scenic place. You can be sure it will be more cheaper than clubs.

  • Prefer buses: If you will use public transport frequently, you should prefer buses because they have tickets to travel for 1 day or 1 week.

  • Buy a tourist card: People should buy tourist cards who planning to visit historical places or museums. Additionally, tourist cards offer discount in some restaurants and shopping malls.

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